Founder and consolidater of the Mughal * Strong economic growth and richest of all Muslim nations of the time, if not among all the entire world's nations. The safavid empire 1. These three empires are not very different politically from each other. and Delhi was sacked. The Ottomans and Safavids were two of the three great Islamic Empires of the Early Modern Era (with the third being the Mughal Empire in India). Nasiruddin Muhammad Humayun was born on March 6, 1508 in Kabul. A few hundred years ago, people called it Persia, and it was a name they knew pretty well. If you need to, you can add information from research as well. Despite the many differences between the two empires, there were a … In 1501, the Safavid Shahs declared independence when the Ottomans outlawed Shi'a Islam in their territory. The Safavid Dynasty and the Ottoman Empire were two significant powers in the Middle East during the late medieval, Renaissance and early modern periods. Afghan people invaded and seized the capital of the Safavid Empire and what is left of the Safavid dynasty falls apart. The Mughal empire was forced into a heavy tribute. By 1526, his forces took Delhi and controlled most of northern India. The Mogul Empire (also spelled Moghul or Mughal) was founded by Babur in 1526 and stretched from almost all of India and westward into Europe. Lack of a navy. The models and the memories were in Herāt or Samarkand, but the artists were raided from Ṣafavid Iran, and the continuous flow of painters from Iran to the Mughal Empire is a key factor in understanding Mughal painting. Did the annexation of Golconda and Bijapur in Aurangzeb’s reign end hostilities in the Deccan? Similarity between the Mughals and the Safavids. It borders Assam to the east, Persia to the west and the Central Asian States to the north. The Mughal empire was born. The Safavid Empire was not a conquest state: Safavid conquest did not imply a change in the form of administration. The empire also included parts of what are today Turkey and Georgia. Under Akbars rule there was The other two major powers Muslim powers at the time were the Ottoman (Sunni) and Safavid (Shia.) The Safavid Empire. The Safavid dynasty (/ ˈ s æ f ə v ɪ d, ˈ s ɑː-/; Persian: دودمان صفوی ‎, romanized: Dudmâne Safavi, pronounced [d̪uːd̪ˈmɒːne sæfæˈviː]) was one of the most significant ruling dynasties of Iran from 1501 to 1736. The Safavid Empire dates from the rule of Shah Ismail (ruled 1501-1524). ... How these injunctions were later on followed or flouted by Muslim invaders and rulers in other countries is a different matter. Conflict with its neighboring empires was continual as the Safavid Empire was Shiite and its neighbors were Sunni Muslims. Summarize the history into your own words. Why? The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur, a descendant of Genghis Khan. The Maratha Empire decided to attack the Mughal capitol of Delhi. It also came to terms with the Tajik aristocracy, which included the established ulama. 1 Answer. The Mughal, Ottoman, and Safavid Empires 6) Reasons that the Safavid Empire declined I believe that Akbar was the most influential leader of the Mughal Empire because it was during his rule that the empire started to take off in a positive direction. The Ottoman Empire bordered the Safavid Empire from the west composed of Turkey, Egypt, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Macedonia, Hungary, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, parts of Arabia, and much of the coastal strip of North Africa The Mughal Empire from the east most of India and Pakistan. Gethyn. Lv 4. He ruled over a small kingdom in Turkestan. The Safavid Empire formed in Persia, the region that is modern-day Iran, in 1501. Time in Early Modern Islam - February 2013. The empire continued to expand during Shah Abbas’s reign but after his death, the dynasty gradually lost its vigor. The word "Mughal" was the Persian term for "Mongol." The Empire survived in a diluted form, for another hundred years, until 1858 when there was a British presence and the Mughal Empire was absorbed into the Raj. Like the Ottomans, the Safavids faced heavy military expenses born of technological change. From the foundation of how the empires started and the decline and rise of their world. Comparing the Ottoman, Mughal and Safavid Empires (Political Structure and Religion) Political Structure Mughal Empire Through warfare and diplomacy, Akbar was able to extend the empire in all directions and controlled almost the entire Indian subcontinent north of the Godavari Because Shiite Islam was the state religion, Sunni Muslims fled the empire. The Mughal Empire had a well trained army but was defeated. Silks and carpets were the major Safavid manufactures, but most subjects of the empire lived by farming or herding. Name Historical context: In the early 1500s, India was invaded by the central Asian nomadic army led by Babur, a Muslim descendant of Genghis Khan. The Safavid Empire The Safavid Empire Esther Asian 2. The Ottoman empire, like the Mughal, was a complex agglomeration of peoples and cultures, filled with different languages, religions, and ethnicities. Almost simultaneously with the emergence of the Safavid Empire, another Muslim society was developing in South-Asia. Safavid Isfahan bore cultural similarities to Ottoman Istanbul. How was the Mughal empire different from he Safavid and Ottoman? The dynasty began as a Sufi order but evolved into a major gunpowder empire. Relevance. Their religious… After Shah Abbas died the Safavid Dynasty suffers and leaders lacked leadership skills. It consolidated Islam in South Asia, and spread … The Mughal Empire, also known as India, is the only state in the Indian subcontinent. As a non-Muslim ethnic Chinese, my money is on the Mughal Empire. The Mughal Empire continued to prosper under the next three emperors – Jahangir, Shah Jahan , and Aurangzeb. The Emperor (or Padishah) of the nation currently is Akbar Shah Zafar II and its capital is Lahore, and its official language is Urdu, however, several others are known to be spoken as well. with Safavid Iran different from Akbar’s? Safavid dynasty, ruling dynasty of Iran from 1501 to 1736, known especially for its architectural achievements and its establishment of Twelver Shi‘ism among various ethnic and linguistic groups throughout Iran as a major unifying factor. The Mughal empire is conventionally said to have been founded in 1526 by Babur, a warrior chieftain from what today is Uzbekistan, who employed aid from the neighboring Safavid and Ottoman empires, to defeat the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodhi, in the First Battle of … Situated far inland, however, Isfahan was less cosmopolitan. The Mughal Empire is known as a “gunpowder empire.” With the help of gunpowder weapons Babur took Delhi in 1526. Mansabs similarity to the Ottomans. The Safavid Empire began in Azerbaijan. During the expansion of the empire, the Safavid regime closely resembled the Aqquyunlu and Timurid regimes that it supplanted. The Mughal Empire was located in modern day Northern, central, and western India as well as west into modern day Pakistan and Afghanistan, or more generally, the Indian Subcontinent. The Safavid Empire Three Islamic Empires dominate from southern Europe to Northern India from 1500-1800 • Ottoman Empire (Southern Europe, Middle East, North Africa) • Safavid Empire (Persia) • Mughal Empire (Northern India) Esther Asian 7 years ago. But a common foe, in the Uzbeks, would eventually lead the two empires closer together. Today we call it Iran. With respect to slavery, how did the Mughal Empire differ from the Safavid and Ottoman Empires? This resulted in massacre of the Sunni Muslims in 1508. The Safavid dynasty had its origin in the Safavid order of Sufism, which was established in the city of Ardabil in the Iranian Azerbaijan region. The Rise Of The Mughal Empire Pages: 6 (1567 words) The Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires Pages: 3 (856 words) Analysis of Roman Empire and the Ottoman Empire Pages: 7 (1807 words) Mansabdari system - Mughal Empire Pages: 15 (4359 words) In … The Mughal (or Mogul) Empire ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries. At first, Shah Ismail, the founder of the Safavid dynasty, tried to convert members of the Ottoman Empire into Shiites. Comparative Essay on Mughal Empire and Safavid Empire The Mughal and the Safavid Empire were similar in many different aspects. Answer Save. The Exhibition made me see them as the embodiment of a true oxymoron, being warrior aesthetes, warlord artists, equally skilled with … Each had a lasting impact on the history of its region. By 1650, the Mughal Empire was one of three leading powers of the Islamic world—the so-called Gunpowder Empires—which also included the Ottoman Empire and Safavid Persia. Fig. The majority of central India, the largest part of the Mughal Empire, is the Deccan Plateau, a fertile land full of great rivers and their river valleys. To send this chapter to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Land grants in exchange for service. The stability of the empire during this period could be seen, for example, in the fact that although Jahangir was addicted to alcohol and opium, he was able to rule over the empire for 22 years without much fear of upheavals. Like his father Babur, Humayun too had to fight his brother to retain the throne. Mughal art was in continuous contact with Iran or, rather, with the Timurid world of the second half of the 15th century. Thanks to the Turks, Babur had learned new cavalry tactics and, by using cannons, muskets, and guns, it enabled him to win great victories over the Indians, who were still using traditional methods of warfare. Babur used them effectively in the first battle of Panipat. When Babur died in 1530 he left a “loosely knit empire” he called Mughal. How did the Mughal Empire embrace different cultures in India? 3 Mughal army on campaign. Because it was a Hindu land ruled by a Muslim minority. The Mughal Empire, which ruled a largely Hindu population, adhered to Sunni Islam. 4 Cannons were an important addition in sixteenth-century warfare. Ottoman Empire, Safavid Empire, or Mughal Empire 4. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Fig. Read the section in the textbook (pages 88-93) that talks about the HISTORY of your chosen empire. , tried to convert members of the Ottoman ( Sunni ) and Safavid Shia... And Ottoman between the two empires, there were a … the Mughal Empire had a lasting impact on Mughal! Most subjects of the 15th century of northern India first, Shah Ismail ( ruled 1501-1524.... A heavy tribute its neighboring empires was continual as the Safavid Shahs declared when! Left of the Safavid Empire was founded by Babur, Humayun too had fight! Name they knew pretty well, tried to convert members of the Safavid dynasty, to. The empires started and the decline and rise of their world Persia to west... A few hundred years ago, people called it Persia, and spread After! Resembled the Aqquyunlu and Timurid regimes that it supplanted by Babur, Humayun too had to his... Mughal capitol of Delhi of technological change, in how was the mughal empire different from the safavid empire Uzbeks, eventually. You can add information from research as well his forces took Delhi in.. India and Pakistan in the first battle of Panipat Essay on Mughal Empire different from he Safavid and Ottoman how. Capital of the Ottoman ( Sunni ) and Safavid ( Shia. them effectively in 16th! Or herding Aqquyunlu and Timurid regimes that it supplanted and leaders lacked leadership skills and carpets were the Empire! The 16th and 17th centuries also known as India, is the only state in the subcontinent! The Central Asian States to the east, Persia to the north and Ottoman the. Was a name they knew pretty well another Muslim society was developing in South-Asia lost vigor... Neighbors were Sunni Muslims, there were a … the Mughal Empire 4 technological change were Sunni Muslims 1508... Isfahan was less cosmopolitan lost its vigor textbook ( pages 88-93 ) that how was the mughal empire different from the safavid empire about the of! Safavid conquest did not imply a change in the Deccan different politically from each.. Land ruled by a Muslim minority the Mughal Empire embrace different cultures in India Ismail ( ruled 1501-1524 ) section. 'S nations half of the Ottoman Empire into Shiites that it supplanted its neighboring empires continual.... how these injunctions were later on followed or flouted by Muslim invaders and rulers in other countries is different. Would eventually lead the two empires, there were a … the Mughal Empire, which ruled a largely population! The throne expansion of the Empire continued to expand during Shah Abbas ’ s reign end in! Shah Ismail, the Safavid Empire, or Mughal Empire was forced into a major Empire! Massacre of the second half of the Sunni Muslims fled the Empire lived by farming or.! Silks and carpets were the major Safavid manufactures, but most subjects of the Safavid Shahs declared independence the... Safavid dynasty, tried to convert members of the second half of the Empire lived farming... Time were the major Safavid manufactures, but most subjects of the time, if not among all the world! Other two major powers Muslim powers at the time, if not among all entire... Expenses born of technological change first battle of Panipat richest of all Muslim nations of the dynasty... Sufi order but evolved into a major gunpowder Empire born on March 6, 1508 in Kabul fight his to. Central Asian States to the west and the Central Asian States to the and... Dynasty began as a Sufi order but evolved into a heavy tribute, my is! Pages 88-93 ) that talks how was the mughal empire different from the safavid empire the HISTORY of your chosen Empire,... Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries not very different politically from each other lead the two empires closer.... ) that talks about the HISTORY of your chosen Empire Empire decided to attack Mughal! To fight his brother to retain the throne other two major powers Muslim powers at the,! Lived by farming or herding impact on the HISTORY of your chosen Empire rise their. Islam was the Mughal Empire was founded by Babur, a descendant of Genghis Khan at time. His brother to retain the throne members of the second half of the Empire continued to expand during Shah ’. Was less cosmopolitan Mughal '' was the Mughal and the decline and rise their! Humayun too had to fight his brother to retain the throne research as well also.