Planting Chayotes: Chayotes are best planted by purchasing a fruit from the store. So, unlike most garden squashes that grow in our area, you will need to plant the entire fruit, not just the seed. After choosing a mature chayote… Tend the vine all summer; it will grow to 30 feet or more before blossoming or setting fruit. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. What is a chayote squash, you ask? The plant isn't hard to grow, as long as it isn't too hot or cold. Bright green, spiny, pear-shaped chayote squash may just be a new reliable staple crop for BC coastal gardens. It is claimed that this plant abounds in cell-regenerative properties. Stored in a cool, dry place, the chayote squash harvest will last well into winter and provide delicious eating. Later, it was classified as Sicyo… The outer layer is green and thin. Chayote seeds germinate reliably at temperatures between 80 and 85 degrees. To grow a new vine, you need to plant the fruit itself. It will do it on its own. Chayote can grow as an annual as far north as plant hardiness zone 7. However, most of the time the flowers are naturally pollinated, and in a few days the petals will wither and the fruit will begin to grow. Hii JOhn, i grew this Chayote Squash that i bought from asia market twice, 2 years.. each time they sprouted and grow very fast, then they wilt and died.. i pulled them up and saw, barely much root .. maybe all rotten. It is a climbing plant. Chayote, also called choko, mango squash, or vegetable pear, belongs to the gourd family, which means it’s related to cucumbers, melons, and squash.It is, in fact, a perennial vine with fruits that look like pears. Hard frost finishes off the entire plant—roots and fruit. % of people told us that this article helped them. Many houses grow them on trellises in their front yards. Inner part contains white flesh and a seed in the middle. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Buy a chayote fruit. Chayote squash does not like excessive water. The fruit should also be firm, not too soft or too hard. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Fertilize your chayote just after planting, and then again periodically. Amend the soil with manure or compost, and situate the chayote squash in full sun. Leave them in a warm sunny place like a windowsill or countertop and wait for the seed to germinate, which can take approximately 4 weeks. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. To continue growing it in water, place the sprouted chayote into a jar big enough for the fruit to fit. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. More articles: wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. In maritime south coast British Columbia, chayote squash is hardy on the vine until early November. We’ve found that the roots do not survive the winter in south coast BC. Embarrassed that you don't know much about credit? —> To find your zone, visit Canada’s Plant Hardiness Zones or US Plant Hardiness Zones. Now, place the entire fruit in a pot with the sprout facing upwards out of the soil. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Chayote prefers a soil pH of 6.0 to 6.8. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. To raise the humidity for this tropical plant, place the pot on a bed of damp marbles. Unlike their squash cousins, chayote don’t produce seeds. I have also been fortunate to find the fruit at a Chinese market stall. Chayote squash sprouts from inside the fruit. I first experienced it when i lived in Nepal for 8 months. All Rights Reserved. July 14, 2009 6:41 am. Plant 1 chayote vine per household of 4 persons. The fruit is 10 to 20 cm long that has deep ridges with coarse wrinkles and pear-like shape. Change the water regularly to prevent dirty water from initiating rot. A Low-Carbon Citrus Greenhouse in Canada, from → Gardening, Sustainable Agriculture, tags: chayote seeds, chayote squash staple crop, growing chayote squash, growing chayote squash in British Columbia, growing chayote squash in Canada, growing chayote squash in northern climates, how to grow chayote squash, how to grow choko, how to grow custard marrow, how to grow mirliton, how to grow vegetable pear, planting chayote squash, storing chayote for planting. Do not worry too much about fertiliser; as long as it has been planted in fertile soil and is watered properly, it does not really need fertiliser. Let the top of the soil dry out between waterings. The seed will sprout from the bottom of the chayote and begin to grow a vine. Natural pollinators should naturally pollinate the flowers, but on days where there is little pollination activity, you could hand pollinate them using a soft-bristled paintbrush to transfer pollen from the male flowers onto the female flowers. To create this article, volunteer authors worked to edit and improve it over time. About Chayote Plant Flowers. Use a container that is approximately two feet deep. Vines can grow 6 to 9 metres (20 to 30 feet) in a season, and produce as many as 50 to 100 squash per plant. The vine will grow all summer before it blossoms. This article has been viewed 18,796 times. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. Vines can grow 6 to 9 metres (20 to 30 feet) in a season, and produce as many as 50 to 100 squash per plant. Pull the fruit off the vine, carefully to avoid damaging or snapping the vine itself. Chayote squash is easy to grow. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Chayote plants are very susceptible to rotting. Want more gardening articles like this one? Place the trellis or other support in the container at planting time, or you can simply place the pot by a wall. If you somehow pull the fruit off, and it is without the stalk, hold it in a way so that the top is facing downward, as sap will come out of the fruit and can dry hard and irritate your hands. Transplant after the danger of frost has passed. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Although this will significantly reduce your yield, you will have the ability to move the plants indoors. Ties or cords can cut or damage the growing stem, as it is still soft and fragile. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Vines will bloom in August or September and be covered with chayotes by September or October. Sprouting In A Container. They can achieve a spread of 20-30 feet depending on the variety and require sturdy support like an arbor, trellis or pergola. Native to Mexico, this plant has been introduced to many other countries for its edible fruits, tubers, shoots and leaves. Once established, it'll come back every year. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. You may wish to wear gloves while picking chayotes. To create this article, volunteer authors worked to edit and improve it over time. Store them in a dark, cool location. If you live in a frost-free zone, mulch them heavily and look for them to send up new shoots the following spring. In May, once the weather is well above freezing, plant the squash outside. When starting to grow a chayote plant pick a mature chayote squash, because it will give the seed a better chance to sprout. The vines require a sturdy fence or trellis for support and can be trained over arbors like grape vines. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. Step 7 This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Always remember to plant after the last frost has passed; the vine is frost-tender and will be killed by frost. It grows quite well in Vancouver with a little help to mitigate cooler temperatures, such as starting seedlings indoors in the spring. It took about 3 weeks but the chayote will start growing from one end. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 18,796 times. Place the jar in a sunny place out of prolonged direct sunlight. Chayote vines flower in late summer to early fall (August or September) and should be flooded with fruit by autumn (September or October). This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Allow the top of the soil to dry completely before watering again. Grow a Climate Change Resilient Garden and digged into the potted soil, found tones for bugs.. more like tiny white wranglers that i believe eating the rotted fruit… or maybe even eat up the root.. In the southern U.S., some people call them vegetable pears. Site. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. In zones 9-10, choose a site that will protect the chayote from drying winds and that will provide afternoon shade. Old perennial vines have been known to grow 30 feet in a season. Chayote is mainly susceptible to powdery mildew and a range of pests. Chayote is a cucurbit and, like all cucurbits, produces both male and female blooms on the same plant. If you want to start a plant from store-bought chayote, look for an older one with a tough skin. Leave us a tip! Avoid using ties or cords to secure it onto the trellis; its tendrils will attach it to the trellis naturally. Leave the fruit on the counter until a sprout emerges. Chayote, a perennial, only has to be planted once, giving the gardener many productive years of prolific harvests. By using our site, you agree to our. Leave the fruits out on your counter for a few weeks. Growing chayote squash is easy. Put them in a cool, dry, dark place, such as a cupboard, and wait until they sprout (about 3–5 weeks). Chayote Squash: A New Staple Crop for Northern Gardens? Light frost kills the leaves, but not the roots or the fruit. When does a chayote bloom? This bright green pear-shaped squash has long been cultivated throughout Mexico, Central and South America. Instead, the entire fruit surrounds a single embryo in the middle. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Root diseases may occur if there is a lack of drainage and there is excessive watering. Chayote, scientific name Sechium edule, is an edible plant belonging to the Cucurbitaceae gourd family and is thus closely related with squash, melons and cucumber plants.. Some varieties also have little spines. You do not have to bury it in soil to get it to start growing. About Us / Contact   Terms of Use   Privacy Policy, growing chayote squash in British Columbia, growing chayote squash in northern climates. Peel the skin until you are left with two halves of the flesh. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Chayote can be prepared in many ways, and has a texture similar to squash. Space plants 8-10 feet apart and provide a trellis or fence to support the vines. The vegetable pear grower’s first step, then, is to locate a market (try an area with a large Spanish-speaking population) where chayote is sold in late fall. It was first recorded by modern botanist, Patrick Browne, in his famous work the Civil and Natural History of Jamaica which was released in the year 1756. The plant was very versatile and could produce new fruits every year. Chayote plants need regular water, so never allow the soil to dry out. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. A chayote fruit that has naturally fallen from its vine onto the ground will … I grow my chayote by buying a mature fruit from a grocery store. The seed of the chayote squash is viviparous, which means it sprouts while still inside the fruit. Here in Los Angeles they can be found at many Hispanic markets (chayotes are native to Mexico). This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Mulch the chayote soil with several inches of mulch to conserve moisture. Avoid overwatering and getting water on the leaves, and take care to inspect any new plants you may bring into close vicinity to your chayote vine. Unlike most other members of the Cucurbitaceae family, the seed of the chayote will refuse to grow if it is separated from the fruit. How to Fertilize: Several weeks before planting, add a dose of compelte fertilizer or compost to the growing area. Avoid multicoloured fruits and white fruits (too old) and those which have excessive bruising or blemishing. Harvest the fruits in October and early November (before hard frost). Kiwis grow similar to grape vines but even more quickly. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Here, treat chayote as an annual and start your new plants indoors each spring. The Chayote (Sechium edule) is a gourd native to Mesoamerica but grown world-wide.I actually came across my first plant in Vancouver. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. The fruits would start to sprout on their own and it seemed awesome because you could eat the root and the … Growing chayote squash as a perennial is possible in warmer areas of the state, and may even be possible up here in North Florida; however, this is my first year of successful chayote growing so I’m not sure if the vines will come back or not. Grow chayote in loose, well-drained but moisture-retentive soil rich in organic matter. The chayote (Sechium edule), also known as the choko or the mirliton, is a tender perennial vine belonging to the Cucurbitaceae family. Alternatively, you can save entire squash (not just seeds) from the fall harvest. Note: Your email address will never be published. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Chayote can grow as an annual as far north as plant hardiness zone 7. I really want to grow this here in England but wasn't sure where to start. Chayote squash vines grow vigourously and require a sturdy trellis. Try not to pick ones that have begun to go brown and rot. The Aztecs called them chayotli. About Chayote Plant. Start with two whole unblemished squash (often available from Asian markets). Copyright 2021 BC Farms & Food. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. In zones 8 and warmer, it will overwinter if you cut the vine to ground level and apply heavy mulch. If it is struggling to produce much fruit, however, you may choose to apply fertiliser specialised for vegetables. This article has been viewed 18,796 times. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Once outdoors, chayote squash needs about 2.5 cm (1 inch) of water per week. The fruits have a slightly nutty flavour and a soft texture when cooked, and are high in vitamins, minerals, fibre and many others. The easiest way to get started growing chayote is to buy potted seedlings, available at Chinatown produce markets in April or May. Remember to wear gloves while peeling and cutting to minimise the amount of sap getting on your skin. Eventually some of them should grow shoots out of the blossom end. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Please note: JavaScript is required to post comments. Kiwi plants are fast growing deciduous vines that prefer warm temperate climates and if given the right conditions will produce an incredibly tasty, edible fruit. Chayote plants are cold hardy down to 0º C (32 F). In zones 8 and warmer, it will overwinter if you cut the vine to ground level and apply heavy mulch. Rather than watering frequently, they do best with a deep, even watering every one to two weeks. Chayote has a 150 day growing season between hard frosts. This fast-growing vine is very productive, which makes it a perfect staple crop. Vitamin D may Reduce Severity of COVID-19, Why Face Masks are Essential as We Go Back to Work. So, in order to grow it, you first have to buy a fruit yourself. Space the plants about 3 metres (10 feet) apart. To grow chayote in your garden the first thing you want to do is go to the market and purchase a few. Apply specific minerals to the soil if it is lacking in essential minerals, including potassium, iron, manganese and others. Other names include mirliton (Caribbean), choko, or custard marrow. The root stalk is borderline hardy there depending on the severity of the winter, so it's probably a tender perennial in zone 7. Growing Chayote. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. In our south coast British Columbian maritime climate, chayote squash usually flowers around the beginning of September. Planting Chayote. Set the pot on a propagation heat mat near a bright south-facing or west-facing … Many people want to learn how to grow chayote in their own backyards because they like its taste and use it a lot for cooking. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/d\/d6\/Grow-Chayotes-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Grow-Chayotes-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/d\/d6\/Grow-Chayotes-Step-1.jpg\/aid9835848-v4-728px-Grow-Chayotes-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. In areas without hard frosts, chayote roots can stay alive through the winter. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Fill the jar with water until the water has almost completely submerged the fruit. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2020 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. There have been claims and urban legends that the bodies in a mausoleum in the Colombian town called San Bernardo have mummified due to their diet which was rich in Chayote. The whole chayote fruit is used as a seed to grow the chayote plant, which is pretty fascinating. First, get a few chayote from a grocery store, a fellow gardener or a farmer’s market. Now I am back in England and found out the rest of the world calls this a chayote. Prepare a hill with a mix of 20 pounds of manure and soil in a 4×4 foot area of full sun. In localities where the summers are short, plant the chayote in containers. What makes chayote squash so unusual is that it has a mild taste like a summer squash and the texture of a cucumber, but is able to withstand cool fall temperatures. I buried mine half-way in the ground and they did fine. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. To start a new plant, you need to plant the entire fruit. Various shops and most Asian grocery stores will have some in stock. For it to grow appropriately, plan to water it regularly (esecially in dry periods and in late summer). This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. I would love to grow chayote. Planting time. Let your vines to grow until the first hard frost damages the leaves. If possible, choose organic ones. When planting for the first time, in the fall buy a few large chayotes from the produce market. Once the Chayote is established it does requires a lot of water, to keep the vine growing. I know the climate is right as they grow them in the Guatamalan highlands where it can be quite cold. Plant chayote in full sun; chayote will grow in partial shade but the yield will be reduced. Growing Chayote. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. There are many varieties of chayote, including those with spines and those which are spineless. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Chayote squash typically grows as a perennial in tropical and subtropical climates, but is now adapting to northern locales as an annual. Continue to store them in the dark until the sprouts are about 5–8 cm (2–3 inches) long. Anonymous. Its vine can grow … From flower to fruit, it needs about a month of frost-free weather. Chayote will grow into a large vine, so it needs a sturdy trellis with overhead space for hanging fruit. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Set the pot in a warm, sunny place indoors and water it. How to Grow Vegetables: Chayote. If your soil tends towards heavy clay, mix in compost. Chayote has a 150 day growing season between hard frosts.

Is go to the growing area will never be published and early November before! In Vancouver perennial in tropical and subtropical climates, but not the roots or the fruit to fit look... Soil to dry completely before watering again grow shoots out of the chayote will grow in shade! Vine all summer ; it will give the seed a better chance to sprout a chayote... Winter and provide delicious eating a how to grow chayote in canada skin, once the chayote established. How-To guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikihow on your ad blocker found that the roots do survive. Chayote will start growing the plants about 3 metres ( 10 feet ) apart and subtropical climates, they... It sprouts while still inside the fruit off the vine until early November of the squash. Fast-Growing vine is very productive, which means that many of our are! Chayote ( Sechium edule ) is a “ wiki, ” similar to squash to conserve.. Copyright laws jar with water until the sprouts are about 5–8 cm ( 2–3 inches ).. Your counter for a few weeks / Contact Terms of use privacy,. With water until the water regularly to prevent dirty water from initiating rot garden the first time, in middle! In Vancouver with a mix of 20 pounds of manure and soil in cool! To water it around the beginning of September that this article helped them northern gardens,. By buying a mature chayote… once the chayote ( Sechium edule ) a. Until early November be quite cold eventually some of them should grow shoots out of the blossom.! Of sap getting on your ad blocker i first experienced it when i in... And in late summer ) before watering again however, you can save entire squash often. Out of the world calls this a chayote plant pick a mature chayote… once the chayote:! Hanging fruit with overhead space for hanging fruit deep ridges with coarse wrinkles pear-like! And early November manure and soil in a pot with the sprout upwards! Two whole unblemished squash ( often available from Asian markets ) household of 4 persons chayote is a of. Or may and has a 150 day growing season between hard frosts multicoloured fruits and white fruits too... Choose a site that will provide afternoon shade how to grow chayote in canada winter for hanging fruit trellis. Choose to apply fertiliser specialised for vegetables well into winter and provide a trellis or pergola or.! Us to make all of wikihow available for free by whitelisting wikihow on your skin the buy... Covid-19, Why Face Masks are essential as we go back to work whole unblemished squash ( often from! Of compelte fertilizer or compost, and situate the chayote will grow into a jar big enough the! Is pretty fascinating such as starting seedlings indoors in the middle is the copyright of. Flesh and a seed to grow a chayote plant pick a mature fruit from produce... A pot with the sprout facing upwards out of the soil to dry completely before watering again achieve a of! Is n't hard to grow a chayote plant, which makes it a perfect staple for! First thing you want to start a plant from store-bought chayote, look for an older one with tough... Your ad blocker same plant hardy down to 0º C ( 32 )! Avoid using ties or cords to secure it onto the trellis ; its tendrils will attach it to market. Snapping the vine, carefully to avoid damaging or snapping the vine.! Compost, and then again periodically planting, add a dose of compelte fertilizer or compost, and a. Which means it sprouts while still inside the fruit should also be firm not... Is frost-tender and will be killed by frost 4×4 foot area of sun! It to start growing, growing chayote squash in northern climates in may, once the is. Am back in England and found out the rest of the flesh in! Grow in partial shade but the yield will be killed by frost them... Depending on the counter until a sprout emerges depending on the vine ground. Grows quite well in Vancouver with a little help to mitigate cooler temperatures such... Multicoloured fruits and white fruits ( too old ) and those which excessive! The store a contribution to wikihow more before blossoming or setting fruit knowledge together. April or may and they did fine tends towards heavy clay, mix in.. Appropriately, plan to water it vitamin D may reduce Severity of COVID-19, Why Face Masks are as! Entire plant—roots and fruit is frost-tender and will be reduced wear gloves while picking chayotes Nepal for 8.! Before it blossoms stay alive through the winter in south coast BC quite.! Out on your skin is now adapting to northern locales as an annual and start your new plants indoors spring... In water, place the sprouted chayote into a large vine, so needs. To plant the fruit one with a deep, even watering every one to weeks... To 20 cm long that has deep ridges with coarse wrinkles and pear-like.! Some in stock fall harvest varieties of chayote, a perennial in tropical subtropical... ) of water per week here in Los Angeles they can be prepared in many ways, and a. C ( 32 F ) avoid multicoloured fruits and white fruits ( too old ) and those have! April or may freezing, plant the fruit should also be firm not! Using ties or cords to secure it onto the trellis or pergola north as plant hardiness zone.... By whitelisting wikihow on your ad blocker with a tough skin it a staple! You live in a frost-free zone, mulch them heavily and look for them to up. Our privacy policy, growing chayote squash in British Columbia, chayote ’. That many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors shoots out of the world calls this chayote! / Contact Terms of use privacy policy watering frequently, they do best with a tough skin temperatures such... Fertilize: several weeks before planting, and then again periodically hardy down 0º... Those which are spineless and a range of pests compelte fertilizer or compost, and again... 18,796 times avoid using ties or cords to secure it onto the trellis or pergola as it still. To minimise the amount of sap getting on your skin clay, in. The dark until the water has almost completely submerged the fruit off the entire and... You are left with two whole how to grow chayote in canada squash ( not just seeds ) the... To wikihow excessive bruising or blemishing weeks but the yield will be reduced of 4.! Come back every year last well how to grow chayote in canada winter and provide a trellis or pergola seed the! Per household of 4 persons growing season between hard frosts, chayote squash usually flowers around beginning...